Easter – Victimae Paschali

Victimae Paschali is the Sequence for Easter Sunday. At one time there were many sequences in use, but the Council of Trent abolished all but a few. Today only four are used: Victimae Paschali (Easter), Veni, Sancte Spiritus (Pentecost), Lauda Sion (Corpus Christi), and Stabat Mater (Our Lady of Sorrows), of which the first two are obligatory and the later two are optional. Victimae Paschali is usually attributed to Wipo of Burgundy (1039), chaplain of the German Emperor Conrad II in the 11th century. It has also been attributed to Notker Balbulus (10th century) and Adam of St. Victor (13th century). (quoted from Thesaurus Precum Latinarum)

Victimae Paschali laudes
Immolent Christiani.

Agnus redemit oves:
Christus innocens Patri
Reconciliavit peccatores.

Mors et vita duello
Conflixere mirando:
Dux vitae mortuus,
Regnat vivus.

Dic nobis Maria,
Quid vidisti in via?
Sepulcrum Christi viventis,
Et gloriam vidi resurgentis:

Angelicos testes,
Sudarium et vestes.
Surrexit Christus spes mea:
Praecedet suos in Galilaeam.

Scimus Christum surrexisse
A mortuis vere:
Tu nobis, victor Rex miserere,
Amen. Alleluia.

Christians, to the Paschal Victim
Offer sacrifice and praise.

The sheep are ransomed by the Lamb;
And Christ, the undefiled,
Hath sinners to His Father reconciled.

Death with life contended;
Combat strangely ended!
Life’s own Champion, slain,
Yet lives to reign.

Tell us, Mary,
Say what thou didst see upon the way.
The tomb the Living did enclose;
I saw Christ’s glory as He rose!

The angels there attesting,
Shroud with graveclothes resting.
Christ, my hope, has risen:
He goes before you into Galilee.

That Christ is truly risen
From the dead we know.
Victorious King, thy mercy show!
Amen. Alleluia.

Good Friday – Christus factus est

Christus factus est pro nobis obediens usque ad mortem. Propter quod et Deus exaltavit illum et dedit illi nomen, quod est super omne nomen.

Christ became obedient for us to the point of death. Therefore God has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above all names.

Maundy Thursday – Ubi caritas et amor

Ubi Caritas is taken from the antiphons sung during the ceremony of the Washing of the Feet at the Mass of the Last Supper on Holy Thursday. As is the entire Mass of the Last Supper, this hymn is intimately connected with the Eucharist, and is thus often used during the Exposition of the Blessed Sacrament. Recent tradition has the first line as “Ubi caritas et amor” (where charity and love are), but certain very early manuscripts show “Ubi caritas est vera” (where charity is true). The current Roman Missal favors this later version, while the 1962 Roman Missal and classical music favors the former. (quoted from Thesaurus Precum Latinarum)

Ubi caritas et amor, Deus ibi est.
Congregavit nos in unum Christi amor.
Exultemus, et in ipso jucundemur.
Timeamus, et amemus Deum vivum,
Et ex corde diligamus nos sincero.

Ubi caritas et amor, Deus ibi est.
Simul ergo cum in unum congregamur:
Ne nos mente dividamur, caveamus.
Cessent jurgia maligna, cessent lites,
Et in medio nostri sit Christus Deus.

Ubi caritas et amor, Deus ibi est.
Simul quoque cum beatis videamus,
Glorianter vultum tuum, Christe Deus:
Gaudium quod est immensum, atque probum,
Saecula per infinita saeculorum. Amen.

Where charity and love are, God is there.
Christ’s love has gathered us into one.
Let us rejoice and be pleased in Him.
Let us fear, and let us love the living God,
And may we love each other with a sincere heart.

Where charity and love are, God is there.
As we are gathered into one body,
Beware lest we be divided in mind.
Let evil impulses stop, let controversy cease,
And may Christ our God be in our midst.

Where charity and love are, God is there.
And may we with the saints also,
See Thy face in glory, O Christ our God:
The joy that is immense and good,
Unto the ages through infinite ages. Amen.

Palm Sunday – Gloria, laus et honor

Composed by Theodulph of Orleans (d. 821), this hymn is often used as a processional hymn for Palm Sunday. According to a pretty little legend surrounding the composition of this hymn, Theodolf had been imprisoned for political reasons in a monastery in Angers. While he was imprisoned he wrote the hymn and sang it from the window of his cell just as Louis the Pious, the King of France, was passing beneath the window in the procession on Palm Sunday in 821. The hymn so moved the king that he immediately ordered the holy bishop to be freed and restored to his see. The legend is now generally discredited on historical grounds. (quoted from Thesaurus Precum Latinarum)

C. Gloria, laus et honor tibi sit,
Rex Christe, Redemptor:
Cui puerile decus
Prompsit Hosanna pium.

Israel es tu Rex,
Davidis et inclita proles:
Nomine qui in Domini,
Rex benedicte, venis.

Coetus in excelsis
Te laudat caelicus omnis,
Et mortalis homo,
Et cuncta creata simul.

Plebs Hebraea tibi
Cum palmis obvia venit:
Cum prece, voto, hymnis,
Adsumus ecce tibi.

Hi tibi passuro
Solvebant munia laudis:
Nos tibi regnanti
Pangimus ecce melos.

Hi placuere tibi
Placeat devotio nostra:
Rex bone, Rex clemens,
Cui bona cuncta placent.

All glory, praise and honor
To Thee, Redeemer, King,
To whom the lips of children
Made sweet Hosannas ring.

Thou art the King of Israel
Thou David’s royal Son,
Who in the Lord’s name comest,
Our King and blessed One.

The company of angels
Are praising Thee on high,
And mortal men and all things
Created make reply.

The people of the Hebrews
With palms before Thee went;
Our praise and prayers and anthems
Before Thee we present.

To Thee before Thy Passion
They sang their hymns of praise;
To Thee, now high exalted,
Our melody we raise.

Thou didst accept their praises;
Accept the prayers we bring,
Who in all good delightest,
Thou good and gracious King.

English translation by John Mason Neale (1818-1866), from the Roman Missal.

Equipping Men for Leadership in the Home and Church (TBB)

The “TBB” in the name of this post means that it is part of The Big Box series. If you’re new to Scarlet Letters, read the introductory post to see what The Big Box is all about.

When I took Scott Brown’s Equipping Men for Leadership in the Home and Church out of my Big Box, I had high hopes. I was expecting a meaty, detailed look at the more practical aspects of Vision Forum’s theology of male headship, and perhaps a glimpse or two at the day-to-day inner workings of a family-integrated church (FIC). But as we all know, there are times in life when you are disappointed. This was one of those times. Continue reading

Manliness (TBB)

The “TBB” in the name of this post means that it is part of The Big Box series. If you’re new to Scarlet Letters, read the introductory post to see what The Big Box is all about.

Hello again! Here at last is the next episode of The Big Box. For those wondering about the delay, I’m planning to post one article in this series per week, so if all goes well, my Big Box should be fully analyzed by Christmas. On today’s menu: Manliness by Doug Phillips… Continue reading

How to Think Like a Christian (TBB)

The “TBB” in the name of this post means that it is part of The Big Box series. If you’re new to Scarlet Letters, read the introductory post to see what The Big Box is all about.

In preparation for this series, I made a list of all the CDs in my Big Box. If you read the introductory post, you already know that there were around 40 of these, so yes, it was a little overwhelming at first! So many lectures, so little time!

Or so I thought. As it turned out, the longer I looked at the list, a pattern began to emerge. Some titles were clearly about Vision Forum’s core doctrines; some were about important practices derived from said doctrines. Others “zoomed in” on those practices, examining them in more detail. And still others seemed almost unimportant, at best only peripherally related to the core doctrines or not related at all. Continue reading